ECONOMIC UTILIZATION OF SURFACE AND GROUNDWATER AS NATURAL RESOURCES IN INDUSTRY

1. Biljana Bespaljko, Panevropski univerzitet "Apeiron", Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina

The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the importance of utilisation of water as natural resource in the industry. Water is a liquid that is essential for the life of all living beings. Need for water is increasing every day. Climate changes and severe droughts have further reduced the amount of water on land, particularly surface water. Due to reduced amount of water on land, there was a need for the use of groundwater, which usage is more expensive. Water has higher use in industrial production. Large number of industrial production processes would be impossible without water. Water used in industrial production is usually economically exploited. The amount of water discharged after completion of industrial production process is mainly polluted. Such water is classified as wastewater which is not appropriate for re-use. The new industrial production processes require re-use of new amount of water from nature, which indicate the utilization of water in industry. This paper provides high number of useful information about water (types of water), about economy and technology in the water system, about key elements of the proposal for increase of economic efficiency, about mission and vision of water sector, information about the involvement of surface and groundwater in various branches of industry, as well as information about the amount of discharged wastewater from various branches of industry. There are also basic concepts of wastewater, as well as the information on water management in the industry. Subject of this paper is related to water as natural resource which utilization contributes to the development of industry and economic progress.

Кључне речи: surface water; groundwater; economy; industry; wastewater

Тематска област: СИМПОЗИЈУМ Ц - Вода

Датум: 19.08.2019.

Contemporary Materials 2019 - Savremeni Materijali


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